Lake Issyk-Kul meaning ‘the hot lake’, is the world's second-largest alpine lake that stretches over 170km long and 70km across.
The lake boasts of a combination of extreme depth, mild salinity and thermal activity. The lake does not freeze even in the brutal Central Asian winters over an altitude of 1600m. Swimmers in the vivid blue waters framed by the remarkable backdrop of the snow-dappled Ala-Too mountains enjoy the beauty of the lake.
118 rivers and streams flow into the IssykKul Lake, Djyrgalan and Tyup being the largest of them. It is fed by springs, including many hot springs, and snow melt. The lake has no current outlet.
IssykKul contains a highly endemic fish biodiversity that includes four seriously endangered species. The numbers of all fish species have declined markedly due to the combination of over-fishing, cessation of lake restocking with juvenile fish from hatcheries and also due to the heavy predation by two of the introduced species. Four commercially targeted endemic fish species included in the Red Book of Kyrgyzstan include-
The Sevantrouts were introduced into the Issyk-Kul in the late 1970s. While this fish is a threatened variety in its "home" lake, Lake Sevan in Armenia, it has a much greater chance to survive in Lake Issyk-Kul. The endemic Sevan has, however, destroyed the native species of the lake.
The Towns and villages around Lake IssykKul include the following-
The lake's southern shore is overshadowed by the stunning TeskeyAla-Too Range of the Tian Shan mountains. The KungeyAlatau peak of the Tian Shan runs along with the northern shore of the IssykKul. Visit the beautiful mountains and the lake. Call us or visit our website.