These are some of the major health risks and vaccinations that you’ll need to consider for a trip to Tajikistan.
Hepatitis A is a viral disease that affects the liver. Contaminated food or water in this country, regardless of where you are eating or staying can give you hepatitis A.
Immunisation is the best protection against hepatitis A infection and is recommended for travel to this area. It involves either 2 doses of hepatitis A vaccine or 3 doses of the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines given as a combination.
Recommended for most travellers.
You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.
Safe food and water practices are the basis of prevention, but vaccination is also recommended for travel to this area. Immunity post-vaccination lasts for 2-3 years.
You should avoid mosquito bites to prevent malaria.
To avoid malaria, you may need to take physician recommended prescription previously, amid, and after your outing, contingent upon your travel plans, for example, when you are travelling, and if you are spending a lot of time outdoors or sleeping outside. Recommended options would include doxycycline, atovaquone/proguanil or mefloquine.
Al zones beneath 2,500 altitudes have increased possibilities causing malaria, mainly in between Jun-Dec, particularly along the southern border in Khatlon Oblast; central (Dushanbe), western (Gorno- Badakhshan), and northern (Leninabad) areas.
Rabies is regular in dogs, bats, and different warm-blooded creatures in this nation, however, it's anything but a major hazard to most explorers. The antibody/vaccine is prescribed for groups like:
Travellers associated with outdoor and other activities in remote regions that put them in danger of animal bites.
People who will be surrounded by animals.
People who are taking excursions or moving to remote regions.
Ensure that you are up-to-date on regular vaccines before every trip, such as:
measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine
varicella (chickenpox) vaccine
Wearing enclosed footwear in undeveloped areas is important to prevent hookworm. Hookworms can usually penetrate through the skin which means walking with bare feet can be dangerous and can cause skin infections.
It is caused by ingesting debased food or water. The microscopic organisms that trigger the ailment may seem innocuous to the local populace because they have created invulnerability to them. Indications include stomach swelling, spasms, queasiness, fevers and loose bowels.
Avoid contaminated foods such as raw or peeled vegetables, undercooked meats, unpasteurised dairy products and food from street vendors.
Avoid drinking or brushing your teeth with tap water
Buy bottled water to drink
Boil tap water for at least 5 minutes before drinking it
Avoid drinks that contain ice
Avoid using tap water to wash your fruit and vegetables
Wash your hands and eat at reputable restaurants.
Tuberculosis is an ailment caused by contamination with the microbes Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can harm a man's lungs or different parts of the body and cause severe ailment.
Avoid exposure to people who have active tuberculosis.
Only consume pasteurized milk products.
Travellers at higher risk should be tested for tuberculosis upon their return. There is a vaccine available which confers partial protection. Speak to your doctor to determine if this is recommended.