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Tajikistan Medication And Vaccinations

Tajikistan Medication And Vaccinations

These are some of the major health risks and vaccinations that you’ll need to consider for a trip to Tajikistan.

Tajikistan Medication And Vaccinations

Recommended medicines and vaccinations :

Hepatitis A vaccine

Highly recommended.

Hepatitis A is a viral disease that affects the liver. Contaminated food or water in this country, regardless of where you are eating or staying can give you hepatitis A.

Immunisation is the best protection against hepatitis A infection and is recommended for travel to this area. It involves either 2 doses of hepatitis A vaccine or 3 doses of the hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccines given as a combination.

Typhoid vaccine

Recommended for most travellers.

You can get typhoid through contaminated food or water, especially if you are staying with friends or relatives, visiting smaller cities or rural areas, or if you are an adventurous eater.

Safe food and water practices are the basis of prevention, but vaccination is also recommended for travel to this area. Immunity post-vaccination lasts for 2-3 years.

Some travellers may require:

Anti-malaria medications

You should avoid mosquito bites to prevent malaria.

To avoid malaria, you may need to take physician recommended prescription previously, amid, and after your outing, contingent upon your travel plans, for example, when you are travelling, and if you are spending a lot of time outdoors or sleeping outside. Recommended options would include doxycycline, atovaquone/proguanil or mefloquine.

Al zones beneath 2,500 altitudes have increased possibilities causing malaria, mainly in between Jun-Dec, particularly along the southern border in Khatlon Oblast; central (Dushanbe), western (Gorno- Badakhshan), and northern (Leninabad) areas.

Rabies vaccine

Rabies is regular in dogs, bats, and different warm-blooded creatures in this nation, however, it's anything but a major hazard to most explorers. The antibody/vaccine is prescribed for groups like:

Travellers associated with outdoor and other activities in remote regions that put them in danger of animal bites.

People who will be surrounded by animals.

People who are taking excursions or moving to remote regions.

Routine vaccinations

Ensure that you are up-to-date on regular vaccines before every trip, such as:

measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine

diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine

varicella (chickenpox) vaccine

influenza vaccine

Other health considerations for travellers to Tajikistan

Soil-transmitted helminths

Wearing enclosed footwear in undeveloped areas is important to prevent hookworm. Hookworms can usually penetrate through the skin which means walking with bare feet can be dangerous and can cause skin infections.

Travellers diarrhoea

It is caused by ingesting debased food or water. The microscopic organisms that trigger the ailment may seem innocuous to the local populace because they have created invulnerability to them. Indications include stomach swelling, spasms, queasiness, fevers and loose bowels.

Tips to prevent traveller’s diarrhoea:

Avoid contaminated foods such as raw or peeled vegetables, undercooked meats, unpasteurised dairy products and food from street vendors.

Avoid drinking or brushing your teeth with tap water

Buy bottled water to drink

Boil tap water for at least 5 minutes before drinking it

Avoid drinks that contain ice

Avoid using tap water to wash your fruit and vegetables

Wash your hands and eat at reputable restaurants.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is an ailment caused by contamination with the microbes Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can harm a man's lungs or different parts of the body and cause severe ailment.

Avoid exposure to people who have active tuberculosis.

Only consume pasteurized milk products.

Travellers at higher risk should be tested for tuberculosis upon their return. There is a vaccine available which confers partial protection. Speak to your doctor to determine if this is recommended.