The customary existence of the Turkmen is that of nomadic shepherds, however, some have been settled in towns for quite a long time. The nation is known for its fine carpets (one is even included in its banner) and horses. It is a genuinely poor nation, that has been disconnected from the world.
Other than that, billions have been spent on modernization in Ashgabat, Turkmenbashi, and numerous different urban areas in post-Soviet circumstances. And furthermore, the nation has broad oil and gas holds being created and later opened pipelines to China, Iran, and soon Azerbaijan. Turkmenistan is additionally the second wealthiest nation in Central Asia.
As indicated by the Ruhmana, the Turkmens started from Oguz Han and all Oguz individuals descend from Oguz Han's 24 grandsons. The original country of the Oguz clans was the Ural-Altay area of Central Asia. The Orhun engravings (sixth century.) says the "six Oghuz tribal unions", alluding to the unification of the six Turkic clans.
This was the first recorded reference to Oghuz, dated to the time of the Göktürk Empire. The Book of Dede Korkut, the historical epic of the Oghuz Turks, was composed in the ninth and tenth century.
They relocated westwards in the region of the Aral Sea and the Syr Darya Basin in the tenth century. A tribe of the Oghuz, the Seljuks took Islam as the religion, entered Persia in the eleventh century and established the Great Seljuk Empire. The name Oghuz is derived from the word 'OK', signifying 'ARROW' or 'TRIBE' and a bowman shooting an arrow was displayed on the flag of the Seljuk Empire.
The term Oghuz was slowly supplanted by the Turks themselves by Türkmen or Turcoman. This procedure was finished in the thirteenth century.
The general population of Turkmenistan is overwhelmingly Turkmen, also called as Turkoman, in both ethnicity and dialect. Turkmenistan was home to sizeable German and Russian populations, however, they largely emigrated to their motherlands following the separation of the Soviet Union. As indicated by the 1995 evaluation 77 per cent of the populace are Turkmen, 9 per cent Uzbek and 7 per cent Russian.
The chief tribes of the Turkmen are the Tekke, the Ersari, the Yomud, and the Goklen in the Southwest.
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