Uzbekistan is origin of some of the most of the oldest civilizations in the world. With history spanning two kiloyears, the country of Uzbekistan boasts of rich ancient architectural heritages which were built over the two millennium time period by various rulers of various dynasties starting from Alexander the Great to the Soviets.
Most of these architectural jewels flank the route of Great Silk Road which serve as a major point of study for archaeologists around the world. Tashkent, Khiva, Bukhara are just some of the cities you can take a tour to to get the real ancient Uzbek experience, but our Uzbekistan Archaeological Tour which is a fortnight tour will take you to cities beyond those where you’ll get to see more archaeological sites.
Here Are The Cities We’ll Be Covering In Uzbekistan Archaeological Tour:
Tashkent is among the oldest city in Central Asia which is reportedly 2,200 years old. It is now the capital of Uzbekistan and the biggest Uzbek city. Historically, it was settled by its earliest inhabitants as an oasis near the foothills of Tian Shan Mountains. Later it got conquered by many dynasties. This gave rise to many archaeological sites being developed in this city which are carefully preserved by government authorities. Here are the main sites in Tashkent.
- Khazrati Imam Architectural Complex.
- Chorsu Bazaar.
- The KhodjaAkhrarVali Mosque.
- History Museum of the People of Uzbekistan.
This frontier town situated at the southern end of Uzbekistan was also conquered by multiple rulers, but the Buddhist influence that this place has is unparallel. It was an important crossing destination on the Amu Darya River between both lands. Notable archaeological sites include:
- Kirk-Kiz Fortress
- Kara-Tepe and Faya-Tepe Buddhist Monastery
- Zurmala Tower
- Mausoleum of Al Hakkim At-Termizi
- Abu Isa Ai-Tirmidhi Mausoleum
Samarkand is probably the best city in Uzbekistan and among the main cities located along the Silk Road route. It was settled first by Sigodians and there’s evidence of coexistence of numerous religious group like Christians, Muslims, Hindus, Buddhist, Zoroastrianism. It is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site with great deal of historical monuments. Some of them are:
- Ulugh Beg Observatory and Ulugh Beg Madrasah
- Khazret-Khyzr Mosque
- The Shah-i-Zinda necropolis
- Bibi-Khanym Mosque
Located near Samarkand and bordering with Tajikistan, it is most notably known for being the birthplace of commander of Central Asia, Timur Amir. It is also a city along the famed Silk Road route, thus boasting of some marvelous historic monuments such as:
- Timur’s Summer Palace
- Tomb of Timur
- KokGumbaz Mosque
Bukhara exemplifies the ideal medieval city in Central Asia. It is also one of the ancient cities founded 2,000 years back. There are about 140 ancient monuments in this city and now is listed under UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here are the archaeological sites in Bukhara:
- Lyab-i Hauz
- Abdulaziz-khan Madrasah
- Kalyan Minaret (Tower of Death)
- Chashma-Ayub Mausoleum
The city of Khiva located along the Silk Road route was once a significant trading and commercial post. The city planning and law and order of ancient were deemed excellent and world-class by archaeologists. Here are the major monuments you’ll get to see in Khiva:
- Islam Khodja Complex
- Djuma Mosque
- Muhammad Amin Khan Madrasah
- Pakhlavan Mahmoud Mausoleum
- Kunya-Ark Fortress
This least visited city in Uzbekistan also located along the Silk Road route is surrounded by three deserts which make it look isolated from the other major cities in the same route. Here are the handful of few archaeological located in Nukus:
- Savitsky Museum